India’s total greenhouse gas emissions in 2010 was 2.13 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, rising 40 per cent from its 2000 levels, the latest official data shows.
India reported this figure to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as part of its first Biennial Update Report (BUR), which every country has to file.
The energy sector that includes electricity production, fuel combustion in industries, and transport continues to be the biggest contributor to India’s emissions, accounting for 71 per cent of the total.
Industrial processes and product use contributed eight per cent, agriculture 18 per cent while waste sector contributed the remaining three percent, according to the BUR.
To calculate its total greenhouse gas emissions India counted emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (NO2), Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6).
It becomes the fourth when the European Union is considered as one block. However, it has a much lower per capita emission as compared to the other countries, such as Australia, which has the highest.