Funding and job cuts at Australia’s premier scientific research body, CSIRO, could undermine the country’s goal of dominating the Asian premium food market by placing farmers at a disadvantage to United States and European competitors.
Australia’s extreme weather means farmers rely heavily on climate change forecasts from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) to mitigate the impact of bushfires, cyclones and droughts.
“Australian farmers need the best data and predictions,” said Professor Haymet.
Without such data, Professor Haymet said Australia and its farmers would be “at a disadvantage in the long run”.
Thousands of international climate scientists signed a protest letter over the job losses, saying: “If these climate science research cuts at CSIRO proceed without being filled elsewhere, then Australia will not develop its capability to assess the accelerating risks associated with climate change”.
Reuters reports Marian Macdonald, who runs a dairy farm near Jack River in the state of Victoria, relies on CSIRO soil moisture forecasts to predict pasture growth on her 600 hectares of rolling hills where she keeps almost 300 dairy cows.
The predictions give her early warning about any shortage in foliage and if red flags appear she buys feed early in bulk to ensure milk production is not affected.
“It’s not theoretical, not having the data would have a real impact on how we run.
“We wouldn’t have been able to plan ahead this season like we did.”
The CSIRO announced 350 job cuts and a shift away from climate change monitoring in a staff email last week, the result of cuts to its budget by former conservative Liberal-National prime minister and climate change sceptic Tony Abbott in 2014.
A CSIRO spokesman said no final decision had been made on which programs would be closed.
The Commonwealth Fisheries Association said CSIRO’s long-term predictions on ocean warming were vital for the industry.
“Having up to date data on climate change is really important to our members as it affects fishing stocks and ultimately where they will fish,” said executive officer Renee Vajtauer.
Rural exports in 2015 were worth $45.2 billion, a 64 per cent increase since 2010.
Reuters reports CSIRO joint studies have led to breakthroughs in agricultural production.
Australia’s Treasury Wine Estates is using new irrigation methods that save water and specially developed sunscreen for grapes.
“As climate change bites hard, the risk increases for farmers,” said Paul Ryan, director of the Australian Resilience Centre, which works with farmers on sustainable resource management.
“Anything that can improve the risk management benefits food supply and has a direct bottom line impact.”